Spring and early autumn are the best time to harrow paddocks and pasture. Grass Harrowing is used to drag out thatch, dead grass, making way for new growth.
Grass Harrowing will help to remove moss and weeds as well as help to level ground and molehills. Thatch is removed and lets air and light in, making new grass shoot and grow. Sward density is improved, helping to stop weeds taking hold and smothering grass. Harrowing will distribute any manure that is on top of the grass, helping it to rot down and release nutrients and allowing sunlight and air to kill dormant pest eggs.
Type of Harrows
There are two types of harrow that we use, either spring tine or chain. Spring tine harrows are very affective on pasture but are not suitable when there are mole and ant hills or severe poaching. They will not level the ground to an even service but are very good at removing dead thatch and renovating grassland.
Chain harrows are more substantial and fitted with levelling bars will level molehills, manure, anthills and poached areas. The chains are heavy will remove thatch and dead weeds.
The width of the implement is four metres but fold down so that they can get through a small 2.4metre gate. When attached to a powerful compact tractor, the results are impressive, and output is high. Spring weather is unpredictable, and speed are efficiency is essential.
Pasture and Paddock Rolling
Paddock Rolling is usually carried out in the spring once the weather has started to dry up. There are two types of roller flat and ridged. Ridged or Cambridge rolls are for rolling newly seeded virgin ground. Flat ballasted rollers are for established grassland.
During flat rolling, the grass is compressed, which makes it spread out, creating a thicker sward and preventing helping to prevent weeds from appearing. Flattening uneven ground, created by livestock, tractors and vehicles can be removed. We usually carry out paddock rolling after harrowing which helps push any stones back into the field that has been pulled up by the harrows.
Ridged Cambridge rolls are excellent for rolling new leys and making sure that the seed is in contact with the ground. Germination is a lot quicker and flourishing after using this machine.
Ground conditions mustn’t be too wet to avoid damage to the ground caused by tractors. Dry conditions will not give the full benefit of either process, so timing is crucial.